Thursday, 4 August 2011

Refresh your mind with exercise..

Question 1 - 5. (greeting people)

1. How to say goodbye?
    ___________________________

2. How to expressing pleasure to have meet someone?
    ___________________________

3. How to introduce someone else?
    ___________________________

4. How to introduce ourself?
    ___________________________

5. How to returning the compliment?
    ___________________________


Question 6-10. (article)

6. ____ pen is in the pencil box.

7. Aishah put ___ apple on the table.

8. I am ____ English teacher.

9.  My dad brought ____ big cat from Italy.

10. I saw ___ elephant this morning.


Friday, 22 July 2011

Idiom??Let's study about it..


list of idiom....
1. a piece of cake.
    : A task that can be accomplished very easily.


2. a slap of the wrist.
    : A very mild punishment.


3. apple of my eye.
    : Someone who is cherished above all others.


4. back to square one.
    : Having to start all over again.


5. beat a dead horse.
    : To force an issue that has already ended.


6. blue moon.
    : A rare event or occurrence. 


7. break a leg.
    : A superstitious way to say 'good luck' without saying 'good luck', but rather the opposite.


8. chow down.
    : to eat.


9. crack someone up.
    : To make someone laugh.

10. Down to the wire.
    : Something that ends at the last minute or last few seconds.


11. field day.
    : An enjoyable day or circumstance. 


12. finger linking good.
    : A very tasty food or meal.


13. he lost his head.
    : Angry and overcome by emotions.


14. high on the hog.
    : Living in Luxury.


15. keep an eye on him.
    : You should carefully watch him.


....so dear friends..let's use idiom in our writing or our speech everyday...good luck!....

Monday, 4 July 2011

~Article~



Definition : The is called the definite article because it points out a particular object or class. 
Examples:  1. This is the book I was talking about.
                    2. The dodo bird is extinct.



There are only 3 article in English.
1. a
2. an
3. the

There are two types of articles indefinite 'aand 'an' or definite 'the'. You also need to know when not to use an article.

INDEFINITE ARTICLE - a and an ( determiner )
A and an are the indefinite articles. They refer to something not specifically known to the person you are communicating with.


A and an are used before nouns that introduce something or someone you have not mentioned before.

For examples: 1.  "I saw an elephant this morning."
                      2.  "I ate a banana for lunch."

A and an are also used when talking about your profession:-

For examples: 1. "I am an English teacher."
                       2. "I am builder."

You use a when the noun you are referring to begins with a consonant (b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y or z), for example, "a city", "a factory", and "a hotel".

You use an when the noun you are referring to begins with a vowel (a, e, i, o, u).

DEFINITE ARTICLES - the ( determiner )

There are two ways to pronounce "the". One "thuh" and the other "thee".

You use the when you know that the listener knows or can work out what particular person/thing you are talking about.

For examples:
1. "The apple you ate was rotten."
2. "Did you lock the car?"

You should also use the when you have already mentioned the thing you are talking about.
For example:
"She's got two children; a girl and a boy. The girl's eight and the boy's fourteen."

We use the to talk about geographical points on the globe.
For Example:
the North Pole, the equator 


We use the to talk about rivers, oceans and seas
For example: the Nile, the Pacific, the English channel

We also use the before certain nouns when we know there is only one of a particular thing.
For example: the rain, the sun, the wind, the world, the earth, the White House etc..
No article????

We usually use no article to talk about things in general:-
For examples:
1. Inflation is rising.
2. People are worried about rising crime. (Note! People generally, so no article)

You do not use an article when talking about sports.
For examples: 
1.My son plays football.
2. Tennis is expensive.

You do not use an article before uncountable nouns when talking about them generally.
For examples:
    1. Information is important to any organisation.

2. Coffee is bad for you.








How to greet people...?


I think,every day we greet every people around us. But sometimes, we don't know how 2 greet people politely..
So..let's learn how 2 greet people in right way...

1. To introduce ourself.
    - I just wanted to introduce myself, my name....
    - I don't believe we've met before, I....
    - I don't think we've actually met formally yet,I....

2. to introduce someone else.
   - I'd like to introduce you to… 
   - There's someone I'd like you to meet, this is… 
   - Have you met…?

3. To expressing pleasure to have met someone.
   - Pleased to meet you. 
   - Nice to meet you. 
   - Very nice to meet you.
   - It's a pleasure to meet you.

4. Returning the compliment.
  - Likewise.
  - and you?

5. Say goodbye.
  - see you later.
  - see you soon.
  -

6. Health. 
 - how are you?
 - fine, thank you / thanks.
 - are you all right?
 - i'm tired.
 - i'm exhausted.
 - i'm got a cold.




Sunday, 3 July 2011

~Conjunction~


Definition: 
Conjunction is one of part of speech that connect to words, sentences, phrases or clauses together.

Example:
Ahmad and Sufi are friends.
* the conjunction and connect 2 nouns in the sentence.

LETS SEE THE CONJUNCTION AND ITS FUNCTIONS...


1. To add more information:
     - and, furthermore

2. To elaborate / exemplify :
     - for example, for instance

3. To show contrast :      
    - however, conversely

4. to relate to new information
    - so, consequently, because

5. To show time :
    - first, then, next

6. To indicate a new departure / a summary :
    - by the way, well, anyway 

Besides that.....in conjunction also include..... CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTION...
  
Definition of correlative conjunction
A pair of conjunction that work together.

Examples: 
Both Farah and Shaza are good swimmer.

*the conjunction both..and are correlative conjunction.

The most common correlative conjunction are :
1. both ..... and
2. either ... or
3. neither .... nor
4. not only ...but also...







Tuesday, 14 June 2011

~lets learn bout synonyms & antonyms~



WHAT IS SYNONYMS???

 * Synonyms are different word with identical or at least similar meaning. For example, the word beautiful is synonyms with the word gorgeous.

WHAT IS ANTONYMS????

* Antonyms is a word that means the opposite of another word. For example, 'hot' is antonyms of 'cold'.

Let's look another example of antonyms and synonyms.

(....Synonyms...)

1. beautiful = gorgeous


2. big = large 


3. bad = worst 

4. fast = rapid 

(...Antonyms...)

1. tall x short

2. big x small


3. fat x thin


4. slow x fast



Friday, 10 June 2011

Noun


Definition:
Noun is a word used to name a person, animal, place, thing, and abstract idea.

For example:

Late last year our neighbours bought a goat.

Types of nouns:

1. Proper noun.

      We always write proper noun with capital letter, since the noun represent the name of specific person, place or thing. Beside that, the names of day of the week, months, historical documents, institutions, religions are proper nouns

Examples: 
  1. Many people dread Monday mornings.
  2. Abraham appears in the Talmud and in the Koran.
  3. Last year, I had a Baptist, a Buddhist, and a Gardnerian Witch as roommates.

2. Common noun.
         
      Referring to a person, place or thing in general sense. Usually, we should write it with capital letter only when it begin a sentence. A common noun is opposite of proper noun.

     Examples:
  1. According to the sign, the nearest town is 60 miles away.
  2. The road crew was startled by the sight of three large moosecrossing the road.
  3. Many child-care workers are underpaid.

     Sometimes we will make proper nouns out of common nouns. For examples:
  1.  The meals in the Bouncing Bean Restaurant are less expensive than meals in ordinary restaurants.
  2. Many witches refer to the Renaissance as the Burning Times.

3. Countable noun.
  
     countable noun (or count noun) is a noun with both a singular and a plural form, and it names anything (or anyone) that you can count. You can make a countable noun plural and attach it to a plural verb in a sentence.

Examples:
  1. We painted the table red and the chairs blue.
  2. Miriam found six silver dollars in the toe of a sock.
  3. The oak tree lost three branches in the hurricane.

4. Non-countable noun.
     
      non-countable noun (or mass noun) is a noun which does not have a plural form, and which refers to something that you could (or would) not usually count. A non-countable noun always takes a singular verb in a sentence. 

Examples:

1. Joseph Priestly discovered oxygen.
      *The word "oxygen" cannot normally be made plural.
      *Since "oxygen" is a non-countable noun, it takes the singular verb "is" rather than the plural verb "are."


2. We decided to sell the furniture rather than take it with us when we moved.
       *we cannot make the noun "furniture" plural.
   
3. Grave  is more expensive than I thought.

       *Since "gravel" is a non-countable noun, it takes the singular verb form "is."